Module 1: Language - How do pilots understand each other?
- Students will explain how and why pilots use the phonetic alphabet
- Students utilize the aviation phonetic alphabet in both written and spoken form
Pilots most frequently use the phonetic alphabet to identify specific airplanes. In the U.S. most aircraft are registered with the Federal Aviation Administration. They provide what is often referred to as the "N" number, since all U.S. airplane registrations start with that letter. An aircraft’s N-number is made up of some combination of letters and numbers painted or affixed to the airplane, similar to a car’s license plate, but large enough to be visible when the airplane is in flight.
Module 2: Aircraft Basics - What are the parts of an airplane?
- Students will construct paper airplanes in preparation for control surface experiments
- Students will identify the parts of an airplane and be able to explain their role in the operation of the airplane
Aircraft are constructed of parts that make it fly and help control direction of flight through longitudinal, vertical, and lateral axes. Small, single-engine airplanes and large jetliners have essentially the same basic parts. They just get bigger as the size of the airplane increases.
Module 3: Flight Controls - How does a pilot control the airplane?
- Students will be able to observe, explain, and analyze the effects of an airplane’s control surfaces
Flight controls of an aircraft are surprisingly simple. The systems may get more complex on larger aircraft, but the basic principles are the same for anything from a trainer aircraft to the largest of airliners. Ailerons, elevators, and rudders are the three basic control surfaces for aircraft.
Module 6: Basic Flight Data - What do all those gauges do?
- Students will be able to identify and explain the purpose of the six basic flight instruments
- Students will determine the flight condition of an airplane by interpreting indications on flight instruments
Most airplanes have an array of gauges and indicators, known as flight instruments, in a panel similar to the dashboard of a car. The panel of flight instruments provides the pilot with critical information about his or her airplane while flying. You can use the basic gauges of an aircraft to introduce your students to the concepts of airspeed, altitude, attitude or position, as well as how to use a compass.
Information and image source: AOPA's "PATH to Aviation"